Advertisement

On September 5, 2013

Stress-induced and emotional eating in animals

Overeating may be a sign that an animal's psychological well-being is impaired.

Eating in response to stress or negative emotional states is well-documented in both humans and animals in experimental settings and has been shown to work by alleviating the unpleasant emotional experience. This type of eating behavior, called stress-induced or emotional eating, is linked to the development of obesity.

Standard approaches to companion animal obesity have failed to incorporate this concept. Not every animal given more food than they need will become overweight, which begs the question: Why does the animal that overeats do so? If it is to help alleviate stress or negative emotional states, then the standard obesity management approach of restricting food intake without alleviating the emotional distress may actually exacerbate the distress by removing one of the animal's coping mechanisms.

Moreover, because emotional eating is a coping mechanism, overeating may be a sign that an animal's psychological well-being is impaired.

Source:  Franklin D. McMillan, 2013. Stress-induced and emotional eating in animals: A review of the experimental evidence and implications for companion animal obesity. JVEB online, September 2013. doi:10.1016/j.jveb.2012.11.001

Comments powered by Disqus

Advertisement

Advertisement

Advertisement

Read the April issue of Petfood Industry!

April 2015

The April 2015 issue of Petfood Industry looks at different pet food markets around the world. Read about Sojos, a US company which aims to transform the lives of pets through raw pet food. As these specialized diets become increasingly popular in the dog and cat food markets, learn how such trends are carrying over into bird and small animal food. Plus, see how pet food companies in Russia are reacting and reconsidering production strategies in the wake of rising prices due to exchange rate fluctuations.

READ MORE in Petfood Industry magazine

Advertisement