Niacin: key compound in pets’ metabolism

Also known as vitamin B3, this ingredient is vital for healthy maintenance of pets' nervous tissues, GI tracts and skin functions
Niacin was the third B vitamin to be identified as a dietary essential for its role in treating the deficiency disease “black tongue” in dogs and a disease with a similar etiology, pellagra, in humans. The discovery was tied to pets and humans consuming diets nearly monopolized by grains and deficient in quality proteins.
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Riboflavin: golden yellow heart of a pet’s metabolism

A key nutrient, riboflavin (vitamin B2) lies at the very heart of a dog or cat’s metabolism and health
Riboflavin (vitamin B2) is one of those vitamins we don’t hear much about in petfood production. Unlike with several other vitamins, the requirement for dogs and cats has been relatively well researched, it hasn’t been implicated in unfounded controversy and petfood manufacturers fortify foods to the necessary level with relative ease.
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Vitamin A – a balancing act

Supplementation of this essential vitamin requires ensuring enough, but not too much, is in the diet the day it is eaten
In an age of extremes and absolutes, vitamin A serves as a potent example of the necessity of balance in diet and nutrition. This is an important vitamin that has a direct effect on vision, the endocrine system in many ways and gene expression modulation.
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Is vitamin C needed?

Why is supplementing with vitamin C so common in petfoods?
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) was discovered in 1928 as the agent in citrus that prevented scurvy. The structure of what was then called hexuronic acid was identified by Haworth in 1933, and a process for its synthesis was described by Reichstein in that same year.
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Vitamin D -- for pets, sunlight isn't enough

Diets for dogs and cats must be fortified with this essential nutrient.
We read a great deal about vitamin D in the popular press these days. Beyond the age-old deficiency diseases, it is now reported that supplemental vitamin D in people has an influence on a wide range of conditions including cognitive function, osteoporosis, fatigue, diabetes, cancer and more.
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The 'catch me if you can' B vitamin

Thiamine, an essential ingredient for cats and dogs, can be lost during typical petfood production
A recent recall regarding cat food suspected of being low in thiamine (vitamin B1) brings to light something that the regulatory agencies, ingredient suppliers and food industry (including petfood) have taken for granted for years-that all issues regarding vitamin losses from harvest to consumption have been conclusively modeled and addressed. Not so.
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Vitamin E

Not all vitamin E is created equal
Vitamin E, in the parlance of nutrition, is a key nutrient with specific physiological functions and a chemical with varied configurations and properties. In petfood, we also speak of vitamin E as an ingredient purchased as part of a vitamin premix.
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