Record-setting temperatures impact immature crops [Video]

Winter wheat harvest is 87% complete, 1 point behind the five-year average.

Corn Unwrapped In Field Ground Perspective W Franz Pixabay
WFranz | PIXABAY.com

This week's headlines for Neogen's Monday Mycotoxin & Crop Report for August 14:

  • Rain hovers in the Central U.S.
  • Record high temperatures in the South and Southwest
  • Drought conditions progressing

Weather and harvest updates

The USDA’s August 8 bulletin reports near daily rains this week across much of the Western and Southwestern Corn Belt and Great Plains. The system had a stabilizing effect on both pasture and crop conditions in those regions.

Much of the rest of the country remained dry during this period, with record-setting temperatures across the Southwest and Southern states.

Extreme heat of 5 to 10 degrees above average occurred in large swaths from Arizona to the Mississippi Delta along with Northern Plains states along the Canadian border.

The extreme heat, mixed with ongoing dry conditions stressed immature summer crops particularly along the Gulf Coast.

  • Wheat harvest continues as crop maturity advances.
  • The winter wheat harvest is 87% complete, 1 point behind the five-year average.
  • 11% of spring wheat acres are harvested, 3 points behind the five-year average. 41% are in good to excellent condition, 23 points behind last year.
  • Barley is 16% harvested, on par with the five-year average. 50% of barley is in good to excellent condition, 5 points behind last year.
  • Oat acres are 49% harvested, 1 point behind the five-year average.
  • Corn development is highly variable within some fields.
  • 47% of corn is in the dough stage, 1 point above the five-year average. Nationally, 57% of corn is in good to excellent condition, 1 point behind last year.

Here are the states with the highest good to excellent ratings, as well as the states with the highest poor to very poor ratings.

Good to excellent: CO, KY, NC, OH, PA, TN

Poor to very poor: IL, IN, KS, MN, MO, NE, SD, WI

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